Verse 1-2 : Jesus fasted for 40 days in the wilderness. Same like Jesus, Moses fasted in the mountain for forty days (Deuteronomy 9:9) while waiting to receive the commandments of God.
Verse 3: The temptations that Jesus had from the devil targeted his spirit, soul and body. Similar to every human, Jesus was tempted by all means. For we do not have a High Priest who cannot sympathize with our weaknesses, but was in all points tempted as we are, but without sin (Heb 4:15) and in all cases Jesus conquered it by giving scripture references.
Verse 4: First temptation Jesus had was mainly targeting his body. The devil asked if Jesus is the prophesied “Son of Man” (Daniel 7:13), then to make the stone a leaf of bread as his food.
Jesus didn’t give attention to the devil’s question about if he is being the son of man; rather Lord said one does not live by bread alone, but by every word that comes from the mouth of the Lord (Deuteronomy 8:3, Matt 4:4), for God’s word is the real food for the human spirit.
Luke 5-6: Satan says that he has been given power and authority on earth (2 Corinthians 4:4; John 12:31; Revelation 13:2).
Verse 7-8: This temptation was mainly targeting the spirit of Jesus, for the devil suggested the violation of the first commandment and to offer him a worship. He suggested to forget God and to serve him as master for a better worldly life. Jesus’ response here is from Deuteronomy 6:13. Those who believe and walk in faith will receive many spiritual blessings (1 Corinthians 9:24; Colossians 3:24), which are far better than a wealthy worldly life.
Verse 9-11: Satan quotes Psalm 91:11 – 12 for the third temptation, means he knows the scriptures and how to twist them out of their context. This testing was mainly targeting the soul of Jesus. The Lord has quoted Deuteronomy 6:16, which says God’s people should not put Him to the test and He overcame the temptations.